CRITICAL CARE SOCIETY
Accepted and Ratified by CCSSA Annual General Meeting
Sun City, North West Province
20 October 2017
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
SECTION 01 – Name
SECTION 02 – Terms & definitions
SECTION 03 – Vision, Aims & Objectives
SECTION 04 – Legal Personality
SECTION 05 – Membership
SECTION 06 – Council
SECTION 07 – Meetings of the Society
SECTION 08 – Branches
SECTION 09 – Finance
SECTION 10 – Amendments to the Constitution
SECTION 11 – Language
SECTION 12 – Dissolution
SECTION 13 – Bylaws of the Society
SECTION 01: NAME
The official name of the society shall be
THE CRITICAL CARE SOCIETY OF
(hereinafter referred to as the Society and abbreviated to
SECTION 02: TERMS & DEFINITIONS
2.1. The interpretation of this constitution and the rights, duties and
obligations of the parties shall be governed by and be construed in
accordance with the laws of the Republic of South Africa, regardless of
the place of execution or the performance of the parties’ respective
obligations under this constitution.
2.2. In this agreement, unless the context clearly indicates another intention:
2.2.1. Reference to one gender includes all other genders;
2.2.2. Reference to the singular includes the plural and vice versa;
2.2.3. Reference to writing includes fax, electronic mail and similar
means of communication.
2.3. The term Critical Care shall be used and encompasses all aspects of the
process of care of critically ill patients extending from initial emergency
care through to rehabilitation and including Intensive Care Medicine.
2.4 “the Council” shall mean the members of the executive Council of the
Society elected to exercise control over the affairs of the Critical Care Society
of Southern Africa.
2.5 “the Society” shall mean the Critical Care Society of Southern Africa.
SECTION 03: VISION, AIMS & OBJECTIVES
High quality, appropriate critical care services for all Southern Africans
3.2.1. To advocate for the highest quality, appropriate care for all
critically ill patients
3.2.2. To develop, empower and represent the interests of health care
practitioners in the field of intensive and critical care medicine.
3.2.3. To develop the discipline of intensive and critical care medicine in
3.2.4. To foster a culture of learning in critical care
3.2.5. To promote research in critical care.
3.3.1. To promote professional conduct, appropriate delivery of care and
and ethical practice for all practitioners in Critical Care
to contribute to the setting of ethical guidelines for the practice
of care for the critically ill.
To engage with, and make recommendations to, authorities in
respect of appropriate allocation of critical care resources.
To provide support and advice to standards generating and
3.3.2. To ensure effective communication (including electronic media)
within the Society with respect to all matters.
3.3.3. To promote wellness of critical care practitioners.
3.3.4. To seek affiliations and collaborations with national and
international organizations and professional bodies of similar
interests to achieve the objectives of the society.
3.3.5. To develop, implement and collaborate in education and training
3.3.6. To support and develop research in the field of critical care.
3.3.7. To create and develop platforms for sharing of education and
3.3.8. To take such action as shall be considered important to achieve
the vision and further the aims of the Society.
3.3.9. To promote collaborative practice between, and across Critical
Care disciplines and contexts.
SECTION 04: LEGAL PERSONALITY
4.1. The Society shall be vested with legal personality. It may sue or be sued in
its own name, may acquire or dispose of property, and may enter into
4.2. It may in general perform all that is necessary to promote its aims and
objectives to achieve its vision and protect the interests of the Society and its
4.3 The Society is registered as a Non Profit Company in terms of the Laws of
the Republic of South Africa with all right in law.
4.3.1. The Executive of the Council (defined in 6.8 below) shall form the
board of the Not-for-Profit Company (NPC) of the Society
4.3.2. The board of the NPC will report to the Council (defined in Section
4.4 No member of the Society shall have any right to the assets of Society and
the liability of the members shall be limited to the amount of their unpaid
subscription, if any.
SECTION 05: MEMBERSHIP
5.1. Any person involved in any aspect of critical or intensive care medicine
may apply for membership of the Society.
5.2. TYPES OF MEMBERSHIP
5.2.1. FULL MEMBER
18.104.22.168. Any person, able to register with the Health Professionals
Council of South Africa (HPCSA) or the South African Nursing Council
(SANC), and involved in any aspect of critical care medicine, may
become a full member of the Society
22.214.171.124. A Full member shall pay membership fees, shall have voting
rights, and may stand for office.
5.2.2. AFFILIATE MEMBER
126.96.36.199. Any person not meeting criteria in 5.2.1. may become an
affiliate member of the Society.
188.8.131.52. An Affiliate member shall pay a reduced membership fee, shall
not have voting rights, and may not stand for office.
5.2.3. LIFE MEMBER
184.108.40.206. A life membership shall be awarded to any member in good
standing for thirty years, on the thirty-first anniversary of joining the
This period may be reduced on a year-for-year basis for any member in
good standing, who has been an active member of Council.
220.127.116.11. A life member shall be ratified by a majority vote at a General
Meeting of the Society.
18.104.22.168. A life member shall not pay membership fees, shall have voting
rights, and may stand for office.
5.2.4. HONORARY MEMBERS
22.214.171.124. An honorary membership shall be awarded to:
any person deemed by the Council to have served the interests
of the Society in an outstanding manner
any person whose membership will enhance the Society greatly
in achieving its vision, aims and objectives.
126.96.36.199. Such membership shall be ratified by a majority vote at a
General Meeting of the Society.
188.8.131.52. An honorary member shall not pay membership fee, shall have
voting rights, and may stand for office.
5.3. MEMBERSHIP ENROLMENT
5.3.1. Candidates for membership must complete a written or electronic
application, duly nominated and seconded by two full members of the
Society in good standing.
5.3.2. Such applications shall require ratification by the Council of the
5.3.3. The Council shall inform the next Annual General Meeting of the
names of the new members.
5.4. MEMBERSHIP TERMINATION
5.4.1. Membership of the Society will be terminated by the Council if:
184.108.40.206. A member tenders their resignation in writing.
220.127.116.11. A member ceases to be eligible for membership.
18.104.22.168. A member fails to pay their membership fees for two (2) years.
22.214.171.124. A member is considered by the Council, after appropriate
consideration and due process, to be guilty of misconduct or
bringing the Society into disrepute
5.4.2. A member rejoining the Society after having had their membership
terminated, will be subject to a penalty fee, as determined by the Council.
5.5.1. A member would be disqualified to hold office, either on Council
or the Board of the NPC, if they are disqualified to hold office in
terms of the Companies Act, 2008 on the basis of misconduct, or
for any other reason that that the Council in its discretion may
5.5.2. Any member, who has not paid their membership fees, shall
forfeit their right to vote and/or nominate or second candidates
and/or be nominated for or stand for office, until such outstanding
fees are paid.
5.6. MINIMUM MEMBERSHIP
The activities of the Society shall be suspended if at any time its membership
shall be less than the number of councilors plus one.
When a full member retires from practice, their membership subscription will
be reduced to an affiliate member rate on submission of an affidavit
confirming retirement from any form of practice.
Every member indemnifies the Society from all liabilities arising out of
the official duties of the Society and agrees that the Society shall not be
liable and/or held responsible for the conduct of the members.
SECTION 06: COUNCIL
6.1. The Role of Council
6.1.1. The control over the affairs of the Society shall be vested in the
Council of the Society.
6.1.2. The Council will function as the highest decision making body of
6.2 The Duties of the Council shall be to:
6.2.1. Oversee the proper functioning of the Society.
6.2.2. Ensure the proper administration of the Society.
6.2.3. Ensure that the aims and objectives of the Society are carried out.
6.2.4. Carry out the instructions of the general meetings of the Society.
6.2.5. Submit annual reports on its activities to the Annual General
Meeting of the Society.
6.2.6. Oversee the fiscal affairs of the Society and to appoint auditors for
6.2.7. Assist local branches of the Society in their proper functioning and
6.2.8. Formulate and alter Bylaws for the conduct and management of
the affairs of Society. These changes shall become operative immediately
and be confirmed at the next Annual General Meeting of the Society.
6.2.9 Ensure that the society shall have all the relevant accreditations and
shall be registered and comply with the relevant regulatory and statutory
bodies, pertaining to the carrying on and conduct of its affairs.
6.3. Members of the Council of CCSSA:
The Council shall consist of:
6.3.1. The President of the Society
6.3.2. The President-Elect of the Society
6.3.3. The Immediate Past-President of the Society (ex-officio)
6.3.4. ONE Councillor representing each of the designated branches
6.3.5. ONE Councillor representing the nursing membership of the Society
6.3.6. ONE Councillor representing the allied health care professional
membership of the Society
6.3.7. ONE Councillor representing the medical doctor membership of the
6.4. Co-option onto Council
6.4.1. Council may co-opt additional members for specific portfolios or
6.4.2. Such co-option will be for a pre-defined period of up to 12 months
and may be renewed at the discretion of Council.
6.4.3. Co-opted members of council shall have no voting rights.
6.5. Election of Councillors
6.5.1. The President-Elect shall be elected at an Annual General Meeting of
the Society, having been nominated and seconded by any member of
the Society in good standing, and voted for by the membership of the
6.5.2. The THREE councillors representing each of the nursing, allied health
professional and medical doctor memberships shall be elected at an
Annual General Meeting of the Society, having been nominated and
seconded by any member of the Society in good standing, and voted
for by the membership of the Society.
6.5.3. The councillors representing each of the designated branches will be
elected at an Annual General Meeting of the respective Branch,
having been nominated and seconded by any member of the
respective Branch in good standing, and voted for by that Branch of
the Society only.
6.5.4. All nominations to the Council must be submitted to the National
and/or the Branch Secretary three (3) months prior to the
National/Branch AGM, the prescribed nomination form having been
signed by the candidate accepting nomination and the proposal and
seconding of the nomination being made by two full members of the
Society in good standing.
6.5.5. Voting will take place electronically and/or by ballot at the AGM
and/or postal votes as determined by Council.
6.5.6. Should no nomination for a vacant position on the Council have been
lodged prior to the respective AGM as required, nominations may
then be accepted for such vacancies at the AGM with subsequent
6.6. Term of Office
6.6.1. All Councillors shall serve a 3-year term of office.
6.6.2. To ensure continuity, the election of Councillors shall be structured
to allow a proportion of councilors to be elected each year.
6.6.3. Councillors may serve for a maximum of TWO consecutive terms
after which they will be required to step down.
6.6.4. Councillors may be subsequently re-elected after a term during which
they were not on Council.
6.6.5. The President shall serve only one 3-year term of office.
6.7. Council members are elected in an honorary capacity and as such shall not
receive any remuneration for their services, with the exception of reimbursement
from the Society for travel and related expenses to attend
Council meetings and official Society commitments.
6.8. Executive of the Council:
6.8.1. The Executive of the Council shall consist of:
- the President
- the President-Elect
- the Immediate Past-President
- the Honorary Secretary
- the Honorary Treasurer
6.8.2. The Executive of the Council shall form the board of the Not-for-
Profit Company (NPC) of the Society
6.8.3. The President shall
- represent the Society in all external activities
- preside over all meetings of the Council and general meetings of the Society
- carry out the tasks entrusted by the Society
- have a casting vote in any tied vote of the Council or Society.
- act as chairman of the board of the NPC
6.8.4. The President-Elect shall deputise for the President when required.
6.8.5. The Honorary Secretary of the Society shall have oversight and,
together with the appointed secretariat, be responsible for:
- all daily administrative and correspondence functions within the Society
- the compilation of agendas for all meetings of the Society and Council
- the recording and archiving of all minutes of meetings and correspondence of the Society and Council and
- control of the membership records of the Society.
6.8.6. The Honorary Treasurer of the Society shall have oversight and,
together with the appointed secretariat, be responsible for:
- the conduct of all financial matters of the Society and Council
- the compilation of an annual financial report and balance sheet for the AGM of the Society
- ensuring that the Society fulfils all its legal financial obligations, with reference to taxation liabilities and audit.
6.9. MEETINGS OF COUNCIL
6.9.1. The Council shall meet in person at least two (2) times per annum.
6.9.2. The Council shall meet by virtual conferencing at least two (2) times
6.9.3. Notice of all Council meetings shall be posted at least one (1)
month in advance by the Secretary of the Society detailing the place,
date, time and agenda of the meeting.
6.9.4. A quorum for Council meetings shall be six (6) members.
6.9.5. Council decisions shall be made by a simple majority vote of the
members present, the President having a casting vote in the event of a
6.9.6. Additional Council meetings may be called at the discretion of the
Every Council member indemnifies the Society from all liabilities arising
out of the official duties of the Society and agrees that the Society shall
not be liable and/or held responsible for the conduct of the Council
The Council shall procure insurance in respect of the assets of the
6.12. Any member of the Council who fails to attend three consecutive
meetings without leave of absence shall cease to be a member of the Council.
6.13. All members of Council will adhere to the norms of corporate governance
and declare any conflict of interest in writing, while serving on Council.
6.14. The President of the Society may, with the consent of Council, co-opt
persons to fill any vacancies arising on the Council, until such positions are
filled by elections at the following AGM.
6.15. Portfolios on Council
6.15.1. Relevant portfolios shall be defined on Council to allow
achievement of the aims and objectives of the Society.
6.15.2. Such portfolios, as they develop, shall be fully defined in the
SECTION 07: MEETINGS OF THE SOCIETY
7.1. The Annual General Meeting (AGM) of the Society shall take place once
per year, usually during the annual congress.
7.2. A special general meeting of the Society may be called at any time by the
President, the Council or by the written request of ten (10) percent of the
membership of the Society.
7.3. Notice of any general meeting of the Society shall be posted by the
Secretary at least sixty (60) days before the meeting; detailing the place, date,
time and agenda of the meeting.
7.4. A quorum for a general meet
ing of the Society shall be ten (10) percent of
the full members of the Society, including all proxy forms received at the start
of the meeting by the Secretary, as at 31 December of the previous calendar
7.5. Should a quorum not be present, the meeting shall be dissolved and
reconvened fifteen (15) minutes later, after attempting to achieve the
prescribed quorum. Should the quorum still not be attained, the meeting may
proceed with routine business without a quorum, however no constitutional
amendments may then be adopted.
7.6. Voting at a general meeting may be by a show of hands, or secret ballot.
The election of office bearers shall be by secret ballot. Proxy votes and postal
votes shall be counted, provided these can be authenticated.
7.7. Decisions at a general meeting will decided by a simple majority vote, with
the exception of constitutional amendments, which will require a two-thirds
7.8. The Agenda for the Annual General Meeting shall include:
- Attendance Register.
- Minutes of the previous meeting.
- Matters arising from the previous meeting.
- President’s report.
- Treasurer’s report.
- Any business items as requested by any member of the Society, received by the Secretary, in writing at least fourteen (14) days prior to the meeting.
- General and urgent matters.
- Election of Office Bearers.
SECTION 08: BRANCHES
8.1. The Council may approve the formation of Branches, provided that
approval shall be ratified at the succeeding Annual General Meeting of the
8.2. All Branches must be formally constituted, and are subject to the
Constitution of the Society. Any amendments or addenda to the constitution
applicable at the level of the branch must be forwarded to the Council for
8.3. Membership of Branches will be open to members of the Society only.
Branches may charge their members a separate, nominal membership fee.
8.4. Each Branch shall elect a Committee consisting of:
8.4.1. A Chairperson
8.4.2. A Honorary Secretary
8.4.3. A Honorary Treasurer
8.4.4. At least 3 additional full members
8.5. The Society will support Branches financially, according to the guidelines
for funding of the Society.
8.6. The Branches may be allowed independent action in purely domestic
matters, provided such action is consistent with the general policy of the
8.7. The Annual General Meetings of the Branches shall be held at least 2 (two)
months prior to the Society Annual General Meeting.
8.8. Revenues generated from joint ventures of the Society with a Branch, such
as Refresher Courses and Congresses, will be divided according to the Society’s
guidelines on funding and conferences.
8.9. The Branches of the Society are obligated to submit an annual report on
their activities and finances to the Council of the Society for presentation to
the AGM. Failure to submit such reports, may result in the Branch not
receiving financial support from the Council and from being barred from
hosting official Society conventions and functions.
"SECTION 09: FINANCE
9.1 Membership fees shall be determined by the Council on an annual basis
and these should be paid by the member by the end of February each year.
9.2 The Society is a non-profit organisation and its revenues are to be utilised
only for the furthering of its aims, goals, objectives and obligations as defined
in this Constitution.
9.3 The Society will, at all times, keep or cause to be kept in proper books all
the usual accounts of all receipts, payments, transactions and dealings in the
ordinary course of business. The said books shall not be removed from the
premises where the Company carries on its business or administration without
the authority of the Board of Directors and shall, during business hours, be
open to inspection of any Director or the Secretary of the Company.
9.4 The Society may employ staff members for specific jobs and projects, as
determined by the Council.
9.4.1. Office bearers of the Council may not be employed by the Society.
9.4.2. The Council shall employ an Administrative Secretary, whose job
description shall include the routine duties of an administrative officer.
The Administrative Secretary shall attend all Council and General Society
Meetings, in an observer capacity, to facilitate the efficient operation of
SECTION 10: AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION
10.1 The Constitution of the Society may only be amended by a two-thirds
majority at a constituted General Meeting of the Society, including proxy and
postal and electronic votes.
10.2 Notice of proposed amendments to the Constitution must be given to the
membership of the Society at least sixty (60) days before a General Meeting.
To facilitate this requirement, all proposed amendments must be received by
the Secretary of the Society four (4) months before said meeting.
10.3 Any Constitutional changes proposed at the AGM, without appropriate
prior notice, shall be put to the vote and if accepted, shall be formally accepted
as proposed, but may only be ratified at the following year’s AGM.
SECTION 11: LANGUAGE
The language of formal communication of the Society shall be English. This
includes the language of presentation and conversation at conferences, the
language of official documentation of the Society, and the language of the
Society’s journal and newsletter.
SECTION 12: DISSOLUTION
12.1 The Society may be dissolved by a two-thirds majority vote of the entire
membership of the Society. Such a proposal must also fulfil the constitutional
requirements for all constitutional amendments in terms of notice.
12.2. Upon dissolution of the Society:
12.2.1. All assets of the Society shall be sold and liabilities discharged.
12.2.2. Any surplus funds after the liabilities have been met shall be
donated to an organization with similar aims to those of the Society
which is itself exempt from the payment of income tax and the decision
as to which organization shall receive the funds shall be agreed at the
meeting at which the dissolution of the Society is decided.
SECTION 13 BYLAWS
A separate document listing bylaws, as and when they are developed, shall be
Accepted by CCSSA Council 19 October 2017 Ratified by CCSSA AGM 20 October 2017